Navigating the Complexities of NY Landlord Tenant Litigation: A Comprehensive List

New York’s landlord and tenant laws are notoriously complex, and disputes between parties can often lead to litigation. This blog post will explore various legal proceedings and actions that can arise in landlord-tenant law in New York. From holdovers and nonpayment proceedings to rent strikes and appeals, we will provide an overview of the many facets of landlord-tenant litigation that landlords and tenants may encounter.

Types of Landlord Tenant Litigation in New York

Holdovers and Nonpayment Proceedings:

These proceedings involve tenants failing to pay rent or overstaying their lease term. Landlords can initiate legal action to regain possession of their property.

Rent Overcharge Proceedings:

Tenants who believe they have been overcharged for rent can file a complaint with the Division of Housing and Community Renewal (DHCR) or initiate a lawsuit.

Damage to Property Disputes:

When property damage occurs, landlords and tenants may become embroiled in disputes over responsibility and repair costs.

Summary Proceedings:

A fast-track legal process that allows landlords to quickly regain possession of their property in cases of nonpayment or holdover tenants.

Contract Actions Between Former Tenants or Landlords:

Disputes arising from past agreements between parties, such as breaches of contract, can lead to litigation.

Wrongful Evictions:

Tenants who believe they have been unlawfully evicted can seek legal recourse through wrongful eviction lawsuits.

Yellowstone Injunction Actions:

A specific injunction that allows commercial tenants to maintain their leasehold while disputing alleged lease violations.

Injunctive and Declaratory Judgment Actions:

Legal proceedings that seek a court order to require or prohibit specific actions or to clarify the rights and obligations of parties.

DHCR Proceedings:

Legal matters involving the Division of Housing and Community Renewal (DHCR), which oversees rent regulation in New York.

Rent Strikes and Appeals:

Organized efforts by tenants to withhold rent payments in protest of substandard living conditions or other grievances.

Rent in Arrears Collection Actions:

Legal actions taken by landlords to collect unpaid rent from tenants.

Tenant Evictions:

The process by which landlords legally remove tenants from their property.

Orders to Show Cause:

Emergency court orders require a party to appear before a judge and explain why specific relief should not be granted.

Emergency Relief:

Temporary measures granted by a court to address urgent situations, such as illegal lockouts or utility shutoffs.

Illusory Prime Tenancy:

A landlord falsely claims to reside in a rent-stabilized apartment, leading to illegal rent increases.

Illegal Profiteering:

Unlawful actions by landlords to profit from their properties, such as unfair rent increases or harassment of tenants.

Judgment Vacatur:

Setting aside or canceling a court judgment, often due to procedural errors or newly discovered evidence.


Legal proceedings that can affect both landlords and tenants, particularly regarding rent payments and lease obligations.

Retaliatory Evictions:

Illegal evictions carried out by landlords in response to tenants exercising their legal rights.

Self-Help Evictions:

Unlawful eviction attempts by landlords without proper court procedures, such as changing locks or removing tenants’ belongings.

Breach of Warranty of Habitability:

Legal claims filed by tenants when landlords fail to maintain safe and habitable living conditions.

Landlord Liability:

Situations in which landlords can be held legally responsible for injuries or damages sustained by tenants or visitors.

Tenant Privacy Rights:

Legal protections that Tenant Privacy Rights. Legal protections that safeguard tenants’ rights to privacy in their rented homes, such as restrictions on landlords’ entry and surveillance.

Fair Market Rent Appeals:

Legal actions taken by tenants or landlords to dispute or challenge a particular property’s established reasonable market rent.

This comprehensive list illustrates that landlord-tenant litigation in New York can encompass various issues and legal proceedings. Landlords and tenants should be aware of their rights and obligations under the law and the potential consequences of disputes. Suppose you find yourself facing any of these issues. In that case, it is crucial to consult with an experienced attorney specializing in landlord-tenant law to ensure your interests are protected and to navigate the complexities of the legal system.


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